For the Record — Apple on iOS/iPadOS Security by Adrian Galli

Everyone knows my propensity for debunking technology nonsense and hyperbole. For the record, here is some information on a recent Google article on iOS/iPadOS security.

First, the sophisticated attack was narrowly focused, not a broad-based exploit of iPhones “en masse” as described. The attack affected fewer than a dozen websites that focus on content related to the Uighur community. Regardless of the scale of the attack, we take the safety and security of all users extremely seriously.

Google’s post, issued six months after iOS patches were released, creates the false impression of “mass exploitation” to “monitor the private activities of entire populations in real time,” stoking fear among all iPhone users that their devices had been compromised. This was never the case.

Second, all evidence indicates that these website attacks were only operational for a brief period, roughly two months, not “two years” as Google implies. We fixed the vulnerabilities in question in February — working extremely quickly to resolve the issue just 10 days after we learned about it. When Google approached us, we were already in the process of fixing the exploited bugs.


Adrian’s Life Rule #29: Accuracy Matters.™

The Most Fun You’ll have with a Lens — Laowa 15mm ƒ4 Wide Angle Macro Shift Lens by Adrian Galli


It is no secret that I am a huge fan of wide angle photography. One of my favorite lenses is the Nikon 14-24mm ƒ2.8. It is simply one of the finest lenses on the planet. However, it is also important to know that most lenses, even wide-angle lens, don’t necessarily focus very closely. Most of the time this is not an issue but one of my favorite cameras to shoot with is my iPhone.

Grasshopper Portrait — Mexico Beach, Florida 2015 [Shot on iPhone]

Grasshopper Portrait — Mexico Beach, Florida 2015 [Shot on iPhone]

In fact, a bit of marketing marvel, iPhone can do one thing that almost no other “traditional” camera can: wide angle [pseudo] macro.

iPhones traditionally have a field of view is similar to a 26mm to 30mm lens on 35mm formats and can focus very closely. In my experience, it appears that iPhone can traditionally focus within approximately 7.5 centimeters (3 inches). While it is not a macro lens, it does give an incredible field of view with a very high reproduction ratio of one subject if focusing at that 7.5 to 10 centimeters. One of my favorite photos that I’ve taken with an iPhone, and iPhone 6, is Grasshopper Portrait.

For years I attempted to reproduce this look with all sorts of lenses on my Micro 4/3 Olympus camera, my Nikon, and others. But simply no wide angle lens could focus closely enough.

One day I stumbled on a photo of a praying mantis. It had the look I was would expect from a master photographer with iPhone but the lighting, shallow depth of field, and image fidelity reminded me more of a traditional camera versus what I expect from iPhone or other smartphone. Clicking on the photo, I found that the lens used was from company that I never heard of before. The 15mm ƒ4 lens touted full 1:1 reproduction and I was in love. The Venus Optics lens was what I had searched for so long and while wider than I wanted, on an APS-C sensor, the field of view would be in the range of 21mm so nearly perfect for my style. And, upon closer inspection, it had shift abilities making it great for architecture.

The Laowa 15mm ƒ4 Wide Angle Macro was sure to be mine. Here are just a few examples from a few walks around the gardens at the Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum in Chicago.

It is a really fun lens to use. There is so much potential with this lens and for a photography style that is very uncommon. The Flickr page for this lens only has 2200 images and of those, few really show the ability this lens gives one to photography subjects in a whole new way.

A word of warning: this lens is not for the faint of heart. It is a shift lens. It is, therefore, only manual focus. It focuses so closely that one will literally bump into one’s subject if not careful. One will also need to pay certain attention to light—the shadow of this lens is easy to get into the shot. Unless you stop down to ƒ8 or ƒ11, the depth of field is very, very, shallow and simply one’s breathing, focus will be lost. One needs patiences and to be very stealthy otherwise a subject may be scared off.

A few other notes about this lens: I’ve shot with many lenses and they all have their own character and all have some opportunities. This includes, its tendency to shift color towards green a touch. Nothing that can’t be fixed in post-production. But also, in some lighting scenarios, green tends to wash out some.

Some positives beyond that discussed, it handles flair very well. Wide angles are notorious for lens flair but only a few shots does it appear but it is also well controlled and I would estimate in the right hands can be a benefit even when it does appear. It has beautiful bokeh even down into the ƒ16 aperture range. This is no doubt thanks to its impressive fourteen (!) aperture blades. And, to top it off, it is very sharp.

Physically, it is a strange lens but not a negative. All metal tank of a lens, the aperture ring is at the front element and the focus ring is closer to the camera body. That takes a little time to get used to but bother rings also have good mechanics and are overall smooth operation.

While this is not really a review of this lens, it is a very special lens. To my knowledge, without using an extension tube, there are no other lenses manufactured like it. If one desires a special look to one’s photos, this lens is very unique and the one of the most fun with which to photograph.

Global Accessibility Awareness Day by Adrian Galli

Today is Global Accessibility Awareness Day. It is something many of us take for granted but there are so many who don’t Those who can not see, walk, talk, hear, and some disabilities that are not as easy to identify, live everyday in a world slightly different.

Having worked at Apple for nearly sixteen years now, one thing that still stands out to me about what we do is in support of those who are occasionally forgotten. Apple’s products may sell to the masses with little difficulty but we are also keenly aware that our products are for everyone. Every iPhone, iPad, Apple Watch, Mac, Apple TV, and all have a massively powerful set of accessibility features implemented into them.

While I was a trainer, some of my favorite people to work with were those with disabilities. They had incredibly stories, interesting perspectives, and were some of the most appreciative people—not only of the fact that they could come to Apple and receive training but the world of new opportunities a device like iPhone afforded them.

And from that, on today, Global Accessibility Awareness Day, I share one of my favorite films Apple has released to date.

Join me and my team today at Apple Michigan Avenue for a special event exploring the world of sound as lead by Andy Slater. Music Walk: In Search of Audible Magic with Andy Slater.

Adrian’s Life Rule #74: Accessible design is good design.

iPad Pro is or isn’t a Computer — The False Dilemma by Adrian Galli


Preface: This article is an allegory—it is an exploration of logic and rationality beyond the common tech blog rhetoric. I work for Apple and as a rule I’m not supposed to review nor represent Apple outside of my job. This is not endorsed by Apple and may or may not be completely aligned with Apple marketing.


In 2010, Steve Jobs announced iPad. It was a beginning of a new age of device for Apple and, while tablet computing was not new, a new era of tablet computers. While many ridiculed, and still do, Apple for making a “giant iPod Touch”, I in fact wrote a review and made a bold statement that these people just did not have the vision to understand the potential of iPad. I said the same thing about Apple Watch and iPhone.

Here we are approaching nine years after the launch of iPad and it has evolved a substantial amount. It also still receives the same ridicule as in 2010 despite being deployed by hundreds of companies, used by students, replacing desktop and laptop computers, and more.

iPad Pro and Apple Pencil took everything even further to make it a writing and design device that goes unrivaled.

The common argument against iPad is that is can not replace a computer. This is a strange argument because it inherently has replaced “traditional” computers for many people. On a day to day basis, I use my iPad Pro for my computing needs. In fact, I’m writing this article in Evernote and will post it to here through Squarespace Blog app all from my iPad Pro.

Let’s be clear about the illogical nature of this anti-iPad theme and what it is all about: what is the definition of a computer?

Simple—anything that computes is a computer.

Though that may be a valid statement, I think I would have a hard time with that extremely general definition. A microwave computes but it isn’t what people consider a computer.

I think it best to state that general computing would be devices that send e-mail, connect to the internet, edit photos or video, allow the installation of applications, play games, have productivity tools like Pages or Microsoft Word, etc.

iPad can do all of those things. It would appear that it is a computer. However, the counter argument is that it doesn’t have pro apps on it.

Well, that isn’t true. Procreate, for example, is a very powerful design and drawing app. Pros are using it to design work that they get paid for. It is a premier app for iOS. Affinity Photo and Pixelmator are very powerful image editing applications. Affinity Designer, a vector design app, sister to Affinity Photo, is most definitely a pro app. More importantly, there are apps that you and I don’t use because they aren’t available to us. GE uses iPads to support their engineers on the floor while designing jet engines. United Airlines uses iPads for their pilots. And walk into an Apple Store and you’ll see employees literally running the daily operations of the store from iPad devices. Clearly it is a professional device and always growing.

In fact, at the announcement of the new iPad Pro, Adobe announced that Photoshop will be coming to iOS next year. They showcased a 3GB .PSD file with 157 layers and editing it in real-time on stage. I’m not sure what else would convince someone of the power behind iPad.

However, now we get to some other concerns. Is iPad the right computer for you?

This is where it gets fun. It seems that tech bloggers are under the impression that because it may not be the right device for their computing needs that it therefore isn’t a computer for the 7.5 billion other people on the planet. Wow... what hubris.

Not too long ago, most transportation needs for people in the United States were met with a horse and carriage/buggy. Then one day the automobile was invented and slowly but surely the horse and buggy became less and less common in favor or a newer and effective way of transportation. However, not long after the automobile, the Model T Ford, came about, some people noted that this vehicle didn’t meet their needs. Some people needed to haul things like bricks, dirt, animals, and such. And people needed to plow fields and move earth and tow boats and even move other automobiles.

From this need came pickup trucks, semi tractor trailers, bulldozers, threshers, and more. It seems that not one automobile could solve or resolve all the needs of everyone, everywhere. We humans came up with new things to fit those needs.

Fast forward a few decades and we enter the era of personal computing. Interestingly enough, the narrative of the automobile is very much the same as the narrative of the personal computer. The PC/Mac began as a big, sometimes ugly, box of a desktop. By today’s standards it was nothing but a giant pocket calculator but it started everything.

Like the automobile, people soon found that this desktop didn’t fit all their needs. Some people wanted something portable that they could take with them. Enter the very first laptops—though they weren’t very lap friendly. But that size was quickly reduced.

Portability was still very important so in the mid-90’s, pocket devices appeared. Apple Newton, Palm Pilot, Psion Series 3, were pocketable computers that took portability to an extreme. And then we had smartphones make their appearance in the 2000’s and shortly there after the era of the tablet began with iPad. (Tablets did exist prior to iPad but Apple’s entry to the market pushed tablets into mainstream computing.)

The needs of people are all different. Sometimes, for example, I have to use my MacBook Pro for video editing in Final Cut Pro X. Does my iPad Pro replace my MacBook Pro in that instance? No. However, when I’m writing or designing with my iPad Pro and Apple Pencil, my MacBook Pro doesn’t replace my iPad Pro.

There is an old saying: use the right tool for the right job. I think this is very important for people to consider when looking at any technology.

I’m fairly certain that all of this makes a solid argument for iPad being a computer. It isn’t a PC, per se, but it is definitely a computer.

These arguments against iPad devices not being computers are based on a misunderstanding of what iPad devices are, unrealistic expectations, or even defying the very nature of what mobile computing is.

On many occasions I read people comparing iPad Pro to the Microsoft Surface. To be clear, the Surface runs Windows—a desktop operating system. They love all the ports, the “full” desktop OS, the trackpad, keyboard, mouse connectivity, etc.

These reviews always seem strange to me because what they are loving is a laptop; the Surface is a laptop. The Surface isn’t a very good tablet. With the keyboard attached and a trackpad/mouse, all Microsoft did was take all the ports that would have been found in the base of a laptop and move them to the screen. Instead of the screen folding up, the keyboard folds down. In fact, the device is designed to be used primarily in landscape mode: the kickstand inherently makes it a landscape device and with a 3:2 aspect ratio screen, it isn’t very ergonomic for portrait use. (I know someone is reading this and touting that is just my opinion but a 4:3 screen is mathematically more appropriate both ergonomically and visually.) iPad, on the other hand, can be used effectively in any orientation. Microsoft’s own marketing photography shows the device only being used in a landscape configuration—even being held in landscape when in “tablet mode.” That is the least ergonomic method for using a tablet as the center of gravity is further from one’s hand. Incidentally, the Microsoft Surface 6 is nearly twenty percent heavier than the current 12.9” iPad Pro (2018) thus even more combersome.

Some argue that they will never use an iPad until it supports a pointing device like a mouse or trackpad. That is completely contrary to what the device is (save any Accessibility needs such as Switch Control). One, iPad takes advantage of the best pointing device a human can use: one’s finger. That is the touting feature of touchscreen devices that an entire obstruction between the user and the interface has been removed. An additional pointing device would only complicate matters. And, for the record, Apple Pencil is an input device and can be used as a stylus but it inherently is not a stylus. iPad does not need more input device functionality. It is contrary to its very nature. Trying to make a non-laptop device into a laptop isn’t a productive endeavor. If one wants a laptop, then one should get a laptop.

Adrian’s Life Rule #62: Things can only be what they are, not what one wants them to be.

Another common criticizism is the “lack” of ports. This is again contrary to its nature. Mobile phones, tablets, and other mobile devices are inherently designed to be wireless. Mobile phones, especially, are by very definition wireless devices. The whole idea behind iPad, iPhone, and devices measured in the same categories are that they don’t get things plugged into them. That isn’t to say sometimes you must plug something in to charge the device, download photos from a memory card, etc. but overall, these devices are wireless. They print wirelessly, so why plug in a printer? They use cloud storage, so why plug in a hard drive?

Actually, to be fair, with the ability to connect external monitors to iPad Pro, making more a “traditional” computer than ever, lends itself the need for external storage. It would be valuable for photographers, music producers, video editors, etc. but consider having one’s iPad with three or four things connected—that wonderful .45Kg light, 5.9mm thin, mobile computer is now chained to a desk. I suppose perhaps the option would be nice but to make the point again, it sounds like a laptop is more what one needs—even a desktop.

In the end, the story I like to tell the most about iPad being a computer is a true story of my mother. Some years ago she had knee surgery. Her iMac was on the second floor of the house and for weeks there was no possibility of her climbing those stairs. We decided to get my mother an iPad so she could do the things she needed like email, photos, Facebook, play some games, watch movies, and much more. Since the day she got an iPad, she has never gone back to using a “traditional” desktop or laptop. She loves her iPad. She had the first generation of iPad, the third, and currently an iPad Air 2. You couldn’t pay her to ditch her iPad for some other computing device.

While not everyone is my mother, if iPad can be her computer, is it possible it could be yours too?

When one lets go of this false dilemma that a computer must be either a laptop or a desktop, one can easily see how iPad Pro is a computer.